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The Center for the Study of Islam Democracy

Anwar N Haddam, Movement for Liberty and Justice-Algeria


Anwar N Haddam is the President and co-founder of the Movement for Liberty & Social Justice (MLJS, Algeria, 2007). A student and a disciple of the late thinker Malek Bennabi, Haddam has been involved with the Algerian Islamic Movement for the past thirty-six years, and is one of the pioneers in its participation in the political arena.

A nuclear physicist, he was a faculty member of the University of Science and Technology of Algiers before being elected to the Algerian Parliament in December 1991 on behalf of the Islamic Front for Salvation (FIS). After the interruption of the democratic process in January 1992, he was assigned by FIS the mission to lead its Parliamentary Delegation Abroad, and its international relations, from Mar. 1992 to Aug. 2002.  In Sep. 2002, he became the FIS Political Advisor until he resigned in Aug. 2004 from FIS leadership to dedicate his efforts to national reconciliation; he wrote a book on this issue: (, Geneva, May 2007).

An advocate for a political solution to Algeria crisis, he is one of the initiators and signatories to the “National Contract for a Peaceful and Political Solution to the Algerian Crisis”, find by Algeria main political parties in Rome Italy, on Jan. 1995. A year later, in Feb.1996, he obtained the commitment of South Africa President Nelson Mandela to help Algeria in reaching a peaceful solution to its crisis. Unfortunately the advocates of the “all security” solution, known as the “eradicators”, rejected such initiatives, causing the fall of Algeria into a decay of bloody civil war. In a strange move, the Clinton Administration put Haddam in detention from Dec.1996 until Dec. 2000; he has been the longest political asylum seeker detainee on “Secret Evidence” charges. In recognition for his peaceful political efforts, Haddam was invited in September 2005 by Algeria’s President to return back to the country to participate in the President project for national reconciliation. To Algerians’ consternation, the infamous eradicators opposed a strong veto to Haddam’s return, undermining the project for peace and national reconciliation.

An invited speaker, Haddam lectured on the Algerian crisis and Political Islam at various institutions in Europe and in the US, such as the Council for Foreign Relations, New York, Georgetown University, the School of Advanced International Studies of Johns Hopkins University, and the Center for the Study of Islam and Democracy (CSID).

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